SCRIPTURE: Mark 2:22
Written by: Dr Conrade Yap
Date: September 27th, 2013
And no one pours new wine into old wineskins. Otherwise, the wine will burst the skins, and both the wine and the wineskins will be ruined. No, they pour new wine into new wineskins." (Mark 2:22)
I am a member of a global advisory group with an international Christian organization. From time to time, I will contribute facts, ideas, and opinions to some of the most pressing issues surrounding the Christian Church and faith matters. This week, the question is: "Why Young People Leave the Church and How to Stop it?" An accompanying article points a finger at two main reasons: 1) The young has never really been challenged in their faith; 2) They have not seen authentic discipleship done among adults in their churches.
I am not entirely convinced. With that, I want to do some exploration of what others are saying before I offer some of my thoughts.
A) Why Millenials Are Leaving the Church?
Recently, popular blogger Rachel Held Evans wrote a provocative article entitled "Why Millenials are Leaving the Church." In it, she explained some of the expectations of Millenials (those born between the 1980s and 2000s). They are people who prefer to be a class of their own, and not straitjacketed into any categories others want to impose on them. They are people who insist on equal rights for all, including the LGBT community and other marginalized groups. They are people who ask real and hard questions and expect their questions to be taken seriously. They want answers that can be answered as fully and as respectfully as possible. All of these are suddenly flushed down the toilet with a condescending comment from a pastor that misses the point. She writes: "What millennials really want from the church is not a change in style but a change in substance." Such a stance has also encouraged Evans to be more open to the high Church tradition, manifested in "Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, the Episcopal Church," and so on.
Point noted. Yet, what makes the whole article so interesting is not the article per se, but the responses that it triggered. Within the first week, there were more than 100000 social media reactions to that piece. It seems like everyone has an opinion on the Millenial question. Some of the comments use the article as a launchpad for their own ranting about the ills of the existing church. That is indeed very sad. I am a parent of Millenials. They too have complained to me about feeling disconnected from Church. On the leadership front, there are people in churches who have tried very hard to make things work for the Millenials. Unfortunately, the good efforts do not even scratch the surface of the problem. Churches that try to dress up their church activities for the young, are at best connecting only a superficial level. I know of one Church that had invested in a brand new gymnasium, filled with pool tables, games, computers, cafe corners, and things that seem to be of interest to the Millenials. After a few weeks, these young people became bored and no longer seemed to be as interested. So, Evans is correct in saying that it is not "style" but "substance" that matters.
B) Why Millenials are Connected to Church?
The popular research organization, the Barna Group has also entered into the discussion, but instead of a negative title, it comes forth with something more positive: "Five Reasons Millenials Stay Connected to Church." Based on their research and interviews, Barna argues that people who stayed connected with Church are those who:
- Have meaningful relationships with people in the Church;
- Have churches that teach them cultural discernment;
- Have churches that do not treat them as people waiting to be fitted into leadership positions, but people who are ready to go, serve, and to make a difference both in Church and the world;
- See their work as part of God's calling, and the Church as equipper;
- Enables them to grow spiritually.
C) Need to Do Discipleship Differently
Krish Kandiah, Executive Director of Churches in Mission and a regular Summer School lecturer at Regent College also begins with a concern for the exodus of the young. In "Doing Discipleship Differently," Kandiah first notes that churches have failed to disciple people for the whole of their lives. As a result there is a double negative impact: the young leaves, and the church remains ineffective in its cultural impact. He laments the lack of unity in churches and the four popular models in which discipleship has been done. Let me paraphrase it. The first model is the individual devotion method. Here, churches teach members to retreat from the world through solitude and the spiritual disciplines. The second model is less individual but more community, but still maintains a focus on retreating from the world. In other words, this model is simply doing things together rather than learning things individually. Small groups working on a spiritual discipline together is one example. The third model focus on equipping individuals with an eye on their vocations. In doing so, the belief is that members will then make a larger impact on the world. The fourth model aims at missional living, to be incarnational in all we do in our neighbourhoods. This model is largely focused on social justice matters, giving to the poor, helping the needy, and other charitable causes. Kandiah's approach to discipleship is one that is "multigenerational, multiclass, and multicultural discipleship."
Kandiah has a point, but his suggested approach needs more meat in order to be clear and effective.
D) The Reactor Factor
As for me, I find Rachel Held Evans approach too combative. Judging from the active responses to her article, her article works like a heated knife cutting through butter and dividing the Christian community farther apart. The Barna research article holds more promise but lacks specific usefulness for individual church communities. In other words, as long as the statistics are mere numbers, anyone can say the numbers do or do not apply to them. It is a helpful overview of the Church at large, high in general description but low in specific prescription. Frank Nolton's conclusion of the two key reasons for the exodus of the young appears to be high in general observations but low in specific applications. Kandiah's take on a different kind of discipleship has good promise but lacks details.
Throughout history, great revolutions and movements are often a result of reactions against something. For instance, the Great Schism that splits the East and West is a reaction from the use of icons in the Church. Influenced by Islam's ideological rejection of images that depict the Divine God, Pope Leo III issued an edict against the use of icons in the Church in AD730. It caused a counter reaction against the order to destroy all images and Church symbols which split the Eastern Church. Called the Iconoclastic controversy, the Churches split on the basis of the acceptance or the rejection of icons.
There is the familiar Reformation led by Martin Luther against the ills of the corrupt Roman Catholic Church in the 16th Century. This too is a reaction against the excesses of the Roman religious empire. In England, we read about the Great Awakening which is in essence a reaction against the social ills at that time. Led by George Whitefield and John Wesley in the 18th Century, we see how the Protestant movements get revived, and a powerful work of God ensues. The 20th Century is well-known for the Pentecostal and Charismatic movement, which is a dramatic reaction against the spiritual lethargy of many mainline Protestant Churches. More recently, Francis Schaeffer, Billy Graham, and Rick Warren lead the evangelical movement, which in itself is a reaction against liberal Christianity.
We all make mistakes. All churches do. Those whose new wine has burst their old wineskins must start again. It is ok to make mistakes, as long as we all learn from it. Recognize that the Spirit of God often moves in spite of our weaknesses. All movements come about after long periods of accumulation of discontent. There will come a time where a new movement will spark a brand new wave of revival. This is the reactor factor. We must prepare for it. Read the signs wisely. Prepare our people properly. Anticipate the Spirit's work surely.
THOUGHT: "..., parents as well as church and organizational leaders should be open to learning all they can about Millennials in order to maximize their efforts to spiritually engage them. However, they should take care not to idolize this emerging generation and in so doing create a form of age-ism. Millennials should be a priority not because ‘youth must be served,’ but because this generation is trying to learn faithfulness in a rapidly changing post-Christian culture. Millennials need the help of faithful believers from older generations if they are to make sense of it all and move meaningfully forward in their life and faith." (Barna Group)
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