SCRIPTURE: Romans 5:1-5
Written by: Dr Conrade Yap
Date: January 19th, 2015
"1Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. And we boast in the hope of the glory of God. 3Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; 4perseverance, character; and character, hope. 5And hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit, who has been given to us." (Romans 5:1-5)
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It's amazing how Zamperini did it. Anyone would have given up and chosen the path of death. Personally, after watching the movie, I see three reasons for Zamperini's persevering spirit. The first is of course his training. Growing up in a tough neighbourhood where he was constantly being picked upon and bullied, he cultivated a resilience that never say "ouch or cry." With the help of his friend, Pete, he trained as a runner for his High School team and eventually became an Olympic runner. There is something very special about running and the Christian race. For running requires discipline, pacing, and a sense of purpose. Good runners will know how to estimate the distance, aware of the terrain, sensitive about the shoes to wear, how much water to consumer, and personal timing of each running stage. Above all, they persevere. The second reason is a sense of pride for what he believes in. This is seen most evidently when he was picked from among the prisoners to go to a Tokyo radio station. His first message was a personal one to his parents. After eating good food in a nice restaurant, he soon found out that there was a price to pay for such luxury. All he had to do was to read propaganda material for the Japanese. He refused to be a pawn for the Japanese. As a result, instead of comfort and luxury, he was sent back to the prison camp for further punishment. The third reason I believe is his inner faith. Although it was not explicitly spelt out in the book, the references to it tend to be more subtle. Right from the start of the film, there was a preacher that speaks from the Bible the essence of faith.
"God created two great lights. The greater light is over the day. The lesser light is over the night…You must live through the night. Don’t battle with it…God sent Jesus to forgive sin. Accept darkness. Live through the night. Love thine enemy."Toward the end of the film, before the credits were flashed out, there was a brief mention of his faith. Some of the most memorable quotes form the film are:
- "A moment of pain is worth a lifetime of glory."
- "However dark the night, however dim our hopes, the light will always follow darkness."
- "After years of severe post-traumatic stress, Louie made good on his promise to serve God, a decision he credited with saving his life."
- "Motivated by his faith, Louie came to see that the way forward was not revenge, but forgiveness."
B) Perseverance of the Saints
One virtue not often talked about in Christian circles is perseverance. Just one piece of bad news can rattle one's nerves. When suffering comes, it is only a matter of time before the believe starts to question God, "Why?" It is easy to deal with a religion that gives good feelings and wonderful teachings. It is not so good when the facts we believe do not quite match the reality of life. Some stop going to church. Others avoid fellowship. A number even leave the fellowship of faith. This point is noted by C. Marvin Pate, Professor of Christian Theology at Ouachita Baptist University tries to make sense of the theory of justification and the experience of reconciliation. In tying together "justification" with "reconciliation," Pate observes:
"Reconciliation, with its personal touch, provides a nice balance to the legal language of justification that he has been using since 1:17. After all, God is the Father of Christians, and they are at peace with him. Second, suffering does not negate the fact that a person is a true Christian. Contrary to the 'health and wealth gospel,' which declares that well-being and prosperity are proof of genuine Christian faith, Paul maintains that it is suffering that marks true Christians, because in their afflictions they are identifying with the cross. Moreover, trials are intended by God to mature Christians and therefore should be welcomed." (C. Marvin Pate, Romans: Teach the Text, Baker Books, 2013, p113-4)
If hope is the overall frame of the skeleton, perseverance adds in the flesh. The root of perseverance is in Christ. Pate sees a chiasm in Romans 5:2-4 suggesting that "hope is conditioned on suffering."
- Peace with God (through justification) (Romans 5:1-2a)
- Hope (through suffering) (Romans 5:2b-4)
- Hope of the glory of God (Romans 5:2b)
- Suffering (Romans 5:3-4a)
- Hope (of the glory of God) (Romans 5:4b)
It is easy to delight in Christ in a comfortable environment. It is also easy to deny Christ when the tribulation gets to us. For Paul, he knows the cost of discipleship. He knows that the gospel will spread from Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, and to the outermost parts of the earth. He seeks to be a participant in this Great Commission, leading the way despite warnings that he will suffer. Commenting on Romans 5-8, Douglas Moo asserts assurance of faith that strengthens perseverance:
"In these chapters Paul hammers home the truth that believers have absolute assurance for the future. God has transferred us from the realm of Adam, sin, and death into the realm of Christ, righteousness, and life. Although the old realm has not been eradicated and still has the power to attract us away from the path to righteousness and life, nothing can stand in the way of our ultimate salvation. We have a hope of glory (5:2) that can withstand any challenge." (Douglas J. Moo, Encountering the Book of Romans, Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2014, p158)This absolute assurance spearheads the believer to be the witness for Christ through both thick and thin, to withstand all challenges. This is the motivation for perseverance. Moo points out his own stand as a Calvinist that even as he believes in the perseverance of the saints, he believes equally that "it is the saints who will persevere." This is an important point, for the Calvinist concept of "perseverance of the saints" can easily be bottled up as a good idea or a classroom doctrine to know. When we talk "saints who will persevere," we release this truth to real life. The justification by faith is made alive through saints who persevere on through life because they know nothing can take that away from them.
There is another way to look at the word "persevere." The prefix "per" means "through" or "by means of." The word "severe" represents tough times in life. Put the two together, "persevere" is symbolic for going through tough times. Though this is not a formal etymological exercise, this carries the spirit of Romans 5:1-5.
It is only in the appreciation of the confession of Christ, that we can move on to the next levels of embracing hope, enduring tribulations, and exercising perseverance. Without the conviction of the words of Christ, what hope will there be? Without the consolation of God's sovereignty, why glory in our sufferings? Without the conviction that the gospel is worth it, why persevere? The key to a sustained race through the Christian life is to let the peace of God through Jesus Christ feed, fuel, and fill our beings for the entire journey from beginning to end. This is the key to stay unbroken.
THOUGHT: "There is no mean of escaping from tribulation and sorrow, except to bear them patiently." (Thomas a Kempis)
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